Google Images, 2012

The Parallel Curriculum Model (PCM) is a qualitatively differentiated curriculum structure of four interrelated designs that can be used separately, or in combination, to create or revise existing curriculum units, lessons, or tasks. Each of the four parallels offers a unique approach for organizing content, teaching, and learning that is closely aligned to the special purpose of each parallel (Tomlison,,2008; Tomlison, 2001).

The four facets of the Parallel Curriculum Model (PCM) include:

  • Core: The essential nature of a discipline

  • Connections: The relationships among knowledge

  • Practice: The applications of facts, concepts, principles, skills, and methods as scholars, researchers, developers, or practitioners

  • Identity: Developing students’ interests and expertise, strengths, values, and character

Parallel Model Overview