Context, practice, and assessment are to be considered when ensuring instructional effectiveness (Anderson, 2009).

1. "What will be taught?" is the question that encompasses the instructional context which must be recognized and understood as a part of the curriculum.

2. The act of instructing answers the question “How will it be taught?” Context and practice are complementary because teaching would not be effective without both.

3. Understanding authentic formative and summative assessments is essential to enable the teacher to meet the needs of the learner.


Anderson (2009) provides the following elements of effective teaching:

1. Active learning time

2. Feedback and corrective measures

3. Instructional Cues


Teacher's Essential Guide: Effective Instruction
Teacher's Essential Guide: Effective Instruction

Meeting the Needs of Gifted Learners


From Theory to Practice


Principles of Effective Teaching

21st Century Learning